A Slab Appeals to Potential Buyers
The ProHOME team finds a balance between improved performance and construction costs.
A “net zero” designation means there is enough on-site renewable energy to offset a house’s annual usage. The term could apply as easily to a highly insulated envelope as one built to energy-code minimum. In the custom-house market, the balance between spending on the size of the PV array vs. the building envelope can be influenced by aesthetic concerns, environmental beliefs, and lifestyle decisions. The ProHOME, however, is a spec house built for the affordable market, so there’s a laser focus on the marginal costs of improving the envelope relative to the cost savings of an additional kilowatt of solar energy.
To reduce the cost of the building envelope, the ProHOME is built on a slab. This requires less excavation, less formwork, and less concrete, reducing the cost and the duration of the build. The slab is also a plus for the ProHOME’s target demographic, since older, downsizing homeowners looking for one-level living aren’t interested in a flight of stairs down to subterranean space.
The ProHOME foundation relies on traditional footing and stem-wall construction to reach below the frost line. The inside of the stem walls are insulated with 2 in. of Amvic Envirosheet. SilveRboard subslab insulation under the ProHOME offers R-5 per in. and a compressive strength of 35 psi. Each face of the EPS foam is laminated with a polypropylene film, adding strength and durability to reduce breakage and cracking during the construction process. The EPS contains no CFCs or HCFCs and is available in four compressive strengths between 12.8 psi and 44.4 psi.
In the past, the Biebels have experimented with ICF stem walls, but after factoring in the cost of protecting the foam on the exterior wall, have reverted back to formed stem walls. To insulate the slab, they used 4 in. (R-20) of Amvic SilveRboard. Before the slab was poured, Tim’s crew rolled out a 15-mil vapor barrier over the insulation. All seams are overlapped and, along with slab penetrations, sealed with tape. At the slab edges, he draped the vapor barrier up the side and over the top of the stem wall and let it run long. After standing the walls, the vapor barrier was taped to the outside face of the wall sheathing.