When installing a wall-hung washbasin for a wheelchair user, insulate both water-supply lines and the drainpipe to protect the user's legs from hot temperatures and rough, hard surfaces.
Barrier-free design accommodates people with disabilities or special needs but poses a challenge for those remodeling-mostly because special-needs people require more space.
Start with a roll-in shower that fits within the dimensions of a standard tub. Since it doesn't have a lip, there's more floor space for maneuvering a wheelchair or walker. This design can provide accessibility in an area where space is limited. A roll-in shower also provides sufficient room for a "T-turn."
For a more special-needs-friendly bathroom, install lever-type door and loop or lever-type faucet handles, low mirrors, non-skid floors, accessible toilets, and grab bars. The National Easter Seal Society, Eastern Paralyzed Veterans Association, and the Department of Justice-regarding the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)-have more information. Consult with your local building department to ensure that the plans you design comply with the building codes in your area.