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Choosing Trim Nailers: Which Gauge Finish Nailers Should You Own?

comments (5) November 1st, 2012 in Blogs
JFink Justin Fink, Senior Editor

Video Length: 2:10
Produced by: Colin Russell and Justin Fink

Most finish carpenters probably use the full range of pneumatic nail guns, from pin nailers to brad nailers to heavy-gauge trim guns, but can't the average carpenter or homeowner get by on one or two sizes?



One of the major factors to consider when choosing a finish nailer is the size or gauge of the nails it fires. Now trim carpenters are going to want to have a 15-, 16-, 18-, and 23-gauge nailer at their disposal. But a homeowner is probably only going to want to have one.So which one do you choose? Let's take a closer look.


The gauge of a finish nail is actually a measure of its diameter, just like with electrical wire. The higher the number, the thinner the nail is; the lower the number, the thicker it is.


15- and 16-gauge nailers are the real anchors of the pneumatic-trim-nailer team. These two tools fire nails up to 2-1/2 inches long, and are the most versatile for interior carpentry. They also have quite a bit of overlap in terms of application. Both are commonly used for installing baseboard, chair rail, door and window casing, crown molding, door frames, and more. One advantage to 15-gauge nails is that they are collated at an angle, which allows the nose of the nailer to reach into tighter spaces.


Brad nailers use smaller 18-gauge nails up to 2 inches long. Because the nails are thinner in cross section, they leave a smaller hole and are less likely to split narrow trim and molding, making them a good choice for stop and cove moldings or baseboard shoe molding.


Pin nailers fire 23-gauge fasteners that are available in both headless and slight-headed varieties. These nails are ideal for attaching delicate trim pieces. They leave a hole almost small enough to disappear under a coat of paint, or blend with the grain of a piece of wood. They don't offer much shear or withdrawal strength though, so these nails are best used for wood-to-wood connections. And it's best to back up the wood you're fastening with glue.


Now every one of these nail sizes does have its place, and I really do use them all. But if you had to pin me down to just one nailer, it would probably be the first one that I bought, which is the 16-gauge. You can use it for small projects and big projects.


But if you really can't decide which to choose, consider getting a combo kit which gives you more than one size gun all in the same package.




posted in: Blogs, nailers
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Comments (5)

bradnailer24h bradnailer24h writes: This article is useful for people who want to research the types of nailer and demonstrate its importance for our jobs and daily lives.
I think it is also very necessary for carpenters and electric workers. Besides that even for our home or office improvement, we must need a nailer.
If you want to know How to Choose The Best Brad Nailer, you can see here
Posted: 10:48 pm on June 6th

suburbangeorge suburbangeorge writes: I suppose that the method shown for checking a level is pretty much the only option to use in a store but there is a better way to check at home/job. For the level vial, shim one end untill it reads exactly level then flip it end for end. It's much easier to look for exact center than to try to remember how off center it was. For pumb, adjust two drywall screws separated by sightly less than the level length so that the level reads plumb when held against the screws. Flip to check/adjust.
Posted: 12:44 pm on November 5th

timbervalley timbervalley writes: I also mainly use 18-ga for trim. Have found when doing trim removal that 15 or 16-ga nails have way more resistance to pulling out than is really needed to just keep trim in place. And they have the disadvantages when installing of larger hole and higher splitting probability.
Posted: 12:15 pm on November 5th

jay_gill jay_gill writes: Up until 6 months ago, I might have agreed that a 16ga was the best all around choice. I would now argue an 18ga brad nailers with a capacity to fire brads up to 2 1/8" is the better choice for a homeowner. At 2+ inches there aren't many trim applications where fastener length is an issue, it is less likely to split thinner/narrow mouldings, and leaves smaller holes to fill.
Posted: 9:02 am on November 5th

antonioluigi antonioluigi writes: Thanks, I have been wondering which finish nailer get.
Posted: 7:56 am on November 5th

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