Kickout Flashing: How to Flash Troublesome Roof-to-Wall Intersectionscomments (10) March 5th, 2009 in Blogs
by Mike Guertin
The exterior of a house presents plenty of opportunity for leaks. A common problem area is the point where the gutter on a single-story roof eave dies into a two-story wall. Roofers or siding contractors often install step flashing that allows roof water to slip behind the gutter and get behind the siding and even the housewrap.
I use redundant layers of flashing integrated into the housewrap to keep water from getting behind exterior cladding; a kickout flashing directs water into the gutter. The process might seem overcomplicated at first, but the minor expense in time is much better than having to tackle rot repairs down the road.
1. Housewrap creates the foundation. Ideally, I like to start by installing a 3-ft. by 3-ft. sheet of housewrap (or even better, a piece of self-adhesive roof underlayment) to the wall before the first truss or roof rafter is placed against it. The sheet acts as a backup at a vulnerable junction. When I can't place the sheet ahead of time, I sometimes can sneak a piece of housewrap back there after prying the truss or rafter back just 1⁄16 in. and pulling any nails in the way.
2. The next-best starting point. If I can't get some sort of weather barrier against the wall at the end of the eave, I apply a piece of housewrap that runs vertically from just below the soffit to at least 3 ft. down the wall, 6 in. horizontally through the inside corner, and at least a foot beyond the end of the eave.
3. Flexible flashing tape seals the eave end to the wall. I use a wide piece of flexible flashing tape to bridge between the subfascia and the wall. I cut the tape so that it laps onto the housewrap above and 3 in. above the roof sheathing.
4. Thinking ahead. Once the flexible flashing is set, I apply a piece of housewrap along the wall where the fascia hits. This piece isn't absolutely necessary, but later, it becomes easier to cover the wall completely with a final sheet of housewrap.
5/6. Protect the flashing tape. Although flexible flashing tape is pretty durable, it's best to protect it with metal flashing and to treat it as a backup for water leaks. I fold a piece of metal flashing for the inside corner between the subfascia and the wall. A vertical cut about 2 in. to 3 in. long helps it to fold onto the roof sheathing. I then add a second piece of flexible flashing tape to cover the open corner of the metal flashing, and I fold it down onto the subfascia.
7. There's optional backup protection, too. I build in 110-mph to 120-mph hurricane zones, so if I install a membrane beneath the step flashing and underlayment, it's cheap insurance against a catastrophic event. I run a 12-in.- or 18-in.-wide strip of plastic-surfaced membrane from eave edge to ridge.
|Trick of the Trade: The first piece of flashing should be a kickout diverter|
8. After lapping the first piece of roof underlayment up onto the wall by about a foot, I install a kickout diverter flashing that redirects water into the gutter so that it won't channel behind the siding.
The model I'm using is made by DryFlekt (www.dryflekt.com); it costs about $11 and is available in right- or left-hand models in white, ivory, or brown plastic. (Prefabricated copper versions are on the market, too, and cost about three times as much.) I line up the inside corner of the diverter 1⁄2 in. to 3⁄4 in. lower than the edge of the drip edge-essentially equal to the distance you overhang the first course of shingles.
9. Bigger step flashing is better. I recommend 12-in.-wide step flashings bent for a 5-in. roof leg and a 7-in. wall leg. The narrower step flashing just isn't wide enough to protect the intersection fully.
10. Finish with tape. Finally, the housewrap can be laid up on the wall to cover the top of the kickout diverter and step flashings. I cut the wrap at the turnout in the diverter and seal the top of the cut with housewrap tape. The tape adhesive might not last the life of the cladding, but it's a good precaution. Remember that there's a layer of housewrap underneath that will keep the water from getting to the sheathing.
|Postscript - I was closely reading the 2009 IRC and noticed this: 905.2.8.3 Sidewall Flashing "At the end of the vertical sidewall the step flashing shall be turned out in a manner that directs water away from the wall and onto the roof and/or gutter." Sounds like code-speak for a Kickout Flashing.|
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-Contributing editor Mike Guertin is a remodeling contractor and consultant in East Greenwich, R.I. His Web site is www.mikeguertin.com.
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