Kickout Flashing: How to Flash Troublesome Roof-to-Wall Intersections - Fine Homebuilding

previous
  • Read FHB on Your iPad
    Read FHB on Your iPad
  • Hot Water Now
    Hot Water Now
  • Classic Cabinets
    Classic Cabinets
  • Magazine Departments
    Magazine Departments
  • 7 Small Bathroom Layouts
    7 Small Bathroom Layouts
  • Radiant Heat Comparison
    Radiant Heat Comparison
  • Remodeling Articles
    Remodeling Articles
  • Custom Flooring Inspiration
    Custom Flooring Inspiration
  • All about Roofing
    All about Roofing
  • Clever daily tip in your inbox
    Clever daily tip in your inbox
  • Design Inspiration
    Design Inspiration
  • Pro Tool Rental. Learn More.
    Pro Tool Rental. Learn More.
  • Video: Install a Fence
    Video: Install a Fence
  • Video Series: Tile a Bathroom
    Video Series: Tile a Bathroom
  • Basement Remodeling Tips
    Basement Remodeling Tips
  • 9 Concrete Countertops Ideas
    9 Concrete Countertops Ideas
  • 7 Smart Kitchen Solutions
    7 Smart Kitchen Solutions
  • Energy-Smart Details
    Energy-Smart Details
  • Master Carpenter Videos
    Master Carpenter Videos
  • Tips & Techniques for Painting
    Tips & Techniques for Painting
  • 7 Trim Carpentry Secrets
    7 Trim Carpentry Secrets
next

Products and Materials

Products and Materials


Kickout Flashing: How to Flash Troublesome Roof-to-Wall Intersections

comments (10) March 5th, 2009 in Blogs
MikeGuertin Mike Guertin, editorial advisor


 

 

by Mike Guertin

The exterior of a house presents plenty of opportunity for leaks. A common problem area is the point where the gutter on a single-story roof eave dies into a two-story wall. Roofers or siding contractors often install step flashing that allows roof water to slip behind the gutter and get behind the siding and even the housewrap.

 

I use redundant layers of flashing integrated into the housewrap to keep water from getting behind exterior cladding; a kickout flashing directs water into the gutter. The process might seem overcomplicated at first, but the minor expense in time is much better than having to tackle rot repairs down the road.

1. Housewrap creates the foundation. Ideally, I like to start by installing a 3-ft. by 3-ft. sheet of housewrap (or even better, a piece of self-adhesive roof underlayment) to the wall before the first truss or roof rafter is placed against it. The sheet acts as a backup at a vulnerable junction. When I can't place the sheet ahead of time, I sometimes can sneak a piece of housewrap back there after prying the truss or rafter back just 1⁄16 in. and pulling any nails in the way.

 

2. The next-best starting point. If I can't get some sort of weather barrier against the wall at the end of the eave, I apply a piece of housewrap that runs vertically from just below the soffit to at least 3 ft. down the wall, 6 in. horizontally through the inside corner, and at least a foot beyond the end of the eave.

 

3. Flexible flashing tape seals the eave end to the wall. I use a wide piece of flexible flashing tape to bridge between the subfascia and the wall. I cut the tape so that it laps onto the housewrap above and 3 in. above the roof sheathing.

 

4. Thinking ahead. Once the flexible flashing is set, I apply a piece of housewrap along the wall where the fascia hits. This piece isn't absolutely necessary, but later, it becomes easier to cover the wall completely with a final sheet of housewrap.

 

5/6. Protect the flashing tape. Although flexible flashing tape is pretty durable, it's best to protect it with metal flashing and to treat it as a backup for water leaks. I fold a piece of metal flashing for the inside corner between the subfascia and the wall. A vertical cut about 2 in. to 3 in. long helps it to fold onto the roof sheathing. I then add a second piece of flexible flashing tape to cover the open corner of the metal flashing, and I fold it down onto the subfascia.

     

7. There's optional backup protection, too. I build in 110-mph to 120-mph hurricane zones, so if I install a membrane beneath the step flashing and underlayment, it's cheap insurance against a catastrophic event. I run a 12-in.- or 18-in.-wide strip of plastic-surfaced membrane from eave edge to ridge.

 

 

Trick of the Trade: The first piece of flashing should be a kickout diverter

 

8. After lapping the first piece of roof underlayment up onto the wall by about a foot, I install a kickout diverter flashing that redirects water into the gutter so that it won't channel behind the siding.

 

The model I'm using is made by DryFlekt (www.dryflekt.com); it costs about $11 and is available in right- or left-hand models in white, ivory, or brown plastic. (Prefabricated copper versions are on the market, too, and cost about three times as much.) I line up the inside corner of the diverter 1⁄2 in. to 3⁄4 in. lower than the edge of the drip edge-essentially equal to the distance you overhang the first course of shingles.

 

9. Bigger step flashing is better. I recommend 12-in.-wide step flashings bent for a 5-in. roof leg and a 7-in. wall leg. The narrower step flashing just isn't wide enough to protect the intersection fully.

 

10. Finish with tape. Finally, the housewrap can be laid up on the wall to cover the top of the kickout diverter and step flashings. I cut the wrap at the turnout in the diverter and seal the top of the cut with housewrap tape. The tape adhesive might not last the life of the cladding, but it's a good precaution. Remember that there's a layer of housewrap underneath that will keep the water from getting to the sheathing.

 

 

Postscript - I was closely reading the 2009 IRC and noticed this: 905.2.8.3 Sidewall Flashing  "At the end of the vertical sidewall the step flashing shall be turned out in a manner that directs water away  from the wall and onto the roof and/or gutter."  Sounds like code-speak for a Kickout Flashing.

 

Watch the video:

Direct Water Into Gutters with a Kickout Flashing Diverter

Mike Guertin teaches you his proactive approach to flashing one of a roof's most vulnerable intersections.

 

Watch now.

—Contributing editor Mike Guertin is a remodeling contractor and consultant in East Greenwich, R.I. His Web site is www.mikeguertin.com.


posted in: Blogs, water and moisture control, roofs, walls, gutters and downspouts

Comments (10)

armnhammer armnhammer writes: Mike, I've got a brick front with a window sill (brick) that is 2 inches away from the top of the garage roofline. The problem is it leaks and the original roofing company that did the work came out and extended some type of black flashing up and around the window but it still leaks. Any suggestions? I have a photo showing the area if that helps.

Thanks,
Bill


Posted: 2:41 pm on February 16th

MikeGuertin MikeGuertin writes: To Phoobs,

I retrofit kickouts all the time. Doing so involves removing the siding in the area and perhaps going further to remove some roofing and some of the housewrap in order to get laps for positive drainage.

On a retrofit you may not be able to get the large lapping pieces of housewrap onto the wall but you can layer in a couple pieces even if you only pull 3 or 4 siding laps off. It's a process that's next to impossible to convey with words and unfortunately I don't have retrofit photos. But your question does prompt me to photo my next kickout retrofit and post it when I do.

Perhaps this description will help - Remove the siding at the end of the eave edge from the bottom of the facia and up to 3 courses above the drip edge line. Apply housewrap tape over all nail holes. Place the kickout flashing at the eave edge and draw the outline on the houswrap for reference. Then 4 in. above the top of the kickout flashing outline, make a horizontal cut in the housewrap about a foot to the left and right of the kickout wing position. Cut a 2 ft wide by 3 ft tall piece of housewrap and slip one edge into the cut and up at least 5 in. Fold the piece up along the cut line and apply a piece of housewrap tape (this undertapes the piece of housewrap).
The bottom edge of the housewrap piece should be long enough to lay over the top lap of a siding course below. This is your fail-safe backup to any leak at the kickout wing. Any water that may pass through the small hole where the siding is trimmed around the wing will be drained back out onto the face of the siding.

Now Install the kickout flashing and step flashings up the roof as needed. The wall leg of the kickout should be applied OVER the housewrap Cut a 2 ft square piece of housewrap and tuck one edge into the horizontal cut (the same one the first piece of housewrap was slipped into) and up under the housewrap on the wall by at least 5 in. Tape over the cut in the housewrap with housewrap tape. Trim the housewrap piece around the wing of the kickout flashing and along the roof-line. Then tape the sides of the housewrap piece down.

Since the kickout wall leg is applied over the housewrap beneath, any water that may leak by the cut will be redirected out onto the siding surface through the lap you placed the 2 ft x 3 ft piece of housewrap over.


Even though you end up cutting into the siding at the vertical wing of a kickout, it is still the best solution. The alternative is common practice and will often end up causing leaks because the end the step flashing ends up behind the siding. This only dumps water directly behind the housewrap and/or siding.

Mike
Posted: 9:51 am on October 1st

Phoobs Phoobs writes: 2 1/2 years after your article/video, I find myself in need of more information. Am a homeowner, not contractor, but have subscribed to Fine Homebuilding since its inception. Do a lot of my own work - but not roofs. Had roof redone about 7 yrs ago. Had major leak last year and roofer "thought" he found source. Irene just hit. More leakage. Now he says I need kickout diverter. Two problems: your video is for new construction, where you can add all the tyvek, waterproofing membranes, flashings, etc. Mine is existing roof. How do you retrofit this diverter without both removing all the siding and then tearing up the whole valley where roof meets siding to add all these additional elements. Second, your video shows the process up to the addition of siding. Your comment to another "commentor" says for horizontal siding just jigsaw the contour. But would that not leave you with another gap (between siding edge and backside of diverter contour) where rain could ingress? Sounds like for horizontal siding your are perhaps solving one problem and creating another. Thanks for any help you can offer.
Phil
Posted: 3:21 pm on September 27th

MikeGuertin MikeGuertin writes: Peel and stick materials are:

FlexWrap (DuPont Tyvek) - flexible white stuff

York HomeSeal - the straight runs where flexibility not needed. Any plastic surfaced self-adhered membrane will work (Grace Ice and Water Shield, IKO GoldShield Ice & Water Protector, Owens Corning WeatherLock Flex.

Finishing with vinyl - I just J channel 1 in. off roof surface. The ugly part is channeling around the kickout wing. For any lap or shingle siding, the process isn't a problem. You just use a jigsaw to cut a notch in the siding for the kickout. With fibercement, you have to leave 2 inches to the roof surface and for wood you should leave about 1 inch.
Posted: 12:23 pm on July 28th

FinishNail FinishNail writes: How would you finish this is you were dealing with vinyl or some type of lap siding?
Posted: 9:12 am on July 19th

roofingsteve roofingsteve writes: Sorry link didn't post...the peel and stick flashing I use all the time is the Reese 4" roof and window flashing. You can find it at amazon...just do a search for reese flexible flashing at amazon.com and you will see it.
Posted: 10:17 pm on March 17th

roofingsteve roofingsteve writes: I would highly recommend this window flashing tape. It costs a little more than other tapes, but it is the hands down the best sticking peel and stick flashing I have ever used.
Posted: 10:14 pm on March 17th

bbolte bbolte writes: IABuilder and KarlJF have asked fore specifics on the material used in this outstanding video. I echo there thoughts but I don't see any answer. Were they answered? If so, please send it to me or post it. I have an emergency.
Bob
Posted: 8:49 pm on November 27th

IABuilder IABuilder writes: Mike, great video! I would also like to know more details about the peel and stick flashing as well as the plastic-surfaced membrane...product name, manufacturer etc.

Thanks,
Nate
Posted: 9:53 am on May 16th

KarlJF KarlJF writes: Mike - Where can the peel and stick flashing be purchased - need a product name, manufacturer etc?
Karl
Posted: 11:00 am on March 18th

Log in or create a free account to post a comment.