The drawing shows how I strengthened the original joists in my house by sistering on some new ones. The typical problem encountered during this operation is trying to get the ends of the joists to fit between the mudsills and the subfloor. When tilted, the joist is a bit too big to fit without serious persuasion, usually administered from a contorted position. To avoid this, I cut a wedge from each end of a new joist, allowing me to tip the joist into position easily. Then I tapped in the wedges and nailed them in place for full bearing.
Roger Westerberg, Verndale, MN