Simple Instructions for How to Frame a Shed
One of the most important steps in how to frame a shed is being precise with your measurements. Take the extra time to properly square up the floor and walls of your building. An out-of-square start will cause problems through each step of your framing and building process.
Previously on The Digital Jobsite:
If you’ve just stumbled across this tutorial, you can use these links to previous episodes to get up to speed before watching the wall layout explanation in this segment:
This is an overview of the shed project:
This blog post explains overall layout priorities and shows assembly and square-up of floor framing:
Stud Layout Simplified:
There are several factors to consider in the wall framing process of building a shed. Members such as plates, studs, cripples, headers, sill plates and backing each have a specific place and purpose in wall construction. The final assembly can be confusing with so many different elements included. To simplify this tutorial I use the Layers feature of SketchUp to hide everything but the studs while showing preliminary stud layout principals:
Its important to emphasize that the example shown here is intended only as an introductory layout tutorial meant to convey basic but functional standards and concepts of how to frame a shed. Its a little bit “old school” in theory by not necessarily incorporating material conservation, thermal transmission or minimal required strength layout factors which are important but advanced building considerations. The great thing about first building a SketchUp model is that anyone with a desire to implement more advanced building practices can optimize their model to optimize these concepts and more to truly realize their design goals.
Every Room Gets a Door:
One of the first lessons I learned as a young ambitious carpenter being taught layout methods was “every room gets a door”. Those words, spoken by my Irish mentor, echo through my mind to this day any time I’m penciling layout on plates. It’s an important lesson as is learning how to incorporate openings into wall framing layout for doors and windows. A “rough opening” is required to provide space for installing doors, windows, vents and the like. This video expands the basic stud layout principles explained above by using SketchUp model capabilities to manipulate framing members to add rough openings for a window and door to the shed.
The trick for learning how to frame a shed is planning ahead. Use SketchUp, draw by hand, or use a model. Ensure you have the tools and materials you need readily available to avoid stopping the project at an inopportune moment. Review our overview of beginning your shed project before you get started.
The next segment of building this shed will cover “balloon framing” options for the gable end walls as an alternate framing method. It will also go through some carpentry procedures for building, standing and bracing the walls which are necessary steps prior to roof framing.
Check out comments here at finehomebuilding.com and on my YouTube Channel where you can subscribe and be kept current with more insight into the design and building process of this simple, sturdy shed as future tutorial videos become available. Feel free to add to the discussion here or there if you have questions or comments. Thanks for watching…
Shed wall layout simplified in this SketchUp model view
Why are this door and window installed without rough openings?
Every room gets a door... with a rough opening framed in...