Because ladders are the most mobile and temporary devices for working above the ground, it's easy to be lax about their safe use. Serious, debilitating injuries often result from falls of 6 ft. or less. Take the time to set up a ladder properly, as explained in the list and shown in the drawing.
- Ladders should be set up at a 4:1 angle (1 ft. out from the base for every 4 ft. of rise).
- To prevent them from slipping or falling over, ladders should be secured either at the top or at the bottom.
- When ladders are used to climb onto or off of an upper surface, they must extend at least 3 ft. above the surface.
- When climbing or working on a ladder, the worker should face the ladder and maintain three points of contact with the ladder.
- Do not set up ladders in high-traffic areas