Decking Over a Roof
Detail the roof correctly, and the decking part of the job is easy.
Building a deck above a porch roof allows for sheltered space below and views from above. In this article, builder Emanuel Silva shares his method for building such a deck, which begins with a leak-proof low-slope roof of EPDM rubber. Hardwood decking is then fastened to tapered pressure-treated sleepers that rest on additional strips of EPDM added to protect the roof from abrasion. Silva also demonstrates how to detail the roof edge and to flash the posts.
There are tons of reasons to build a deck over a roof, from creating a romantic outdoor breakfast nook off a second-floor master bedroom to providing a second-floor porch on a city house. No matter the reason, the keys to a long-lasting deck above a living space are the same: a reliable roof membrane and details that minimize any damage to the roof from the deck loads. I like rubber roofing for this, combined with a floating deck floor. The rubber roofing I’ve been using for 15 years—a glue-down, 60-mil EPDM membrane from International Diamond Systems— offers several advantages. It’s reliable, it’s fairly easy to work with, and it requires no special tools. That said, a lot of people subcontract the roofing work and build the deck themselves. Either way, the roofing has to be right.
Framing the roof
Whenever I install decking over a roof, I make sure the framing is structurally sound and properly pitched to drain water. The project illustrated here was a complete teardown and rebuild, so I framed the roof with 2x8s spaced on 16-in. centers, supported by a beam and a ledger as on most decks. Because these 2x8s were also the framing for the ceiling below, and because I wanted to keep all the cuts square, I framed the roof level. To pitch…